Mobile or cell phones are nowadays an integral part of modern telecommunications in every individual life. In many countries, over half of the population use mobile phones and the mobile phone market is growing rapidly. Saudi Arabia ranks first among the countries of the Gulf region with the highest proportion of mobile users, a study conducted by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
In Gulf countries, Oman ranked second, followed by Kuwait and the UAE. As billions of people use mobile phones globally, a small increase in the incidence of adverse effects on health could have major public health implications on a long-term basis. Besides the number of cell phone calls per day, the length of each call and the amount of time people use cell phones are important factors which enhance the health-related risk.
There are three main reasons why people are concerned that cell phones (also known as “mobile” or “wireless” telephones) might have the potential to cause certain types of cancer or other health problems. These include Cell phones emit radiofrequency energy (radio waves), a form of non-ionising radiation, from their antennas.
Here are the 6 harmful effects of Cellphone usage:
1. Causes Stress, Anxiety, And Depression
A few studies have linked excessive smartphone use to alcohol addiction, smoking, and aggressive behavior. This could be attributed to mental-health complications such as low self-esteem and depression that come with smartphone dependency.
Inability to cope with stress and anxiety could lead to a sense of hopelessness that could trigger depression. Studies have found that screen time upwards of 2 hours can trigger suicidal tendencies in children regardless of the kind of content they’re consuming.
2. Disrupts Sleep Patterns
Gone are the days when teens used to fall asleep with a book in their hands. Now, it is relatively common if your smartphone is the last thing you look at before bed and the first thing you look at the moment you wake up. Studies have indicated that long periods of exposure to short-wavelength light (such as the one from smartphones) causes adolescent sleep to become irregular, short, and delayed. And since most schools and workplaces require individuals to wake up early in the day, the circadian rhythm gets disrupted. It’s important to note that circadian rhythm determines not just sleep-wake cycles but also hormone release, eating habits and digestion, body temperature, and other important bodily functions. Hence, your smartphone use isn’t just disrupting your sleeping patterns but also your overall health.
3. Lowers Attention, Concentration, And Academic Performance
Smartphones might be the bane of your grades at school. Research has found that just the presence of smartphones around us can cause our concentration and attention levels to dip. This holds true even when people try and avoid the temptation to check their phones. In the educational sphere, this translates to a lowered understanding of new learning material and comprehension, especially if smartphones are used while something is being taught.
4. Worsens Posture
We’re almost always looking into our phones and this can negatively affect our posture. Studies have noted that the typical forward neck posture that people have when they’re on their phones can, in the long run, cause injury to the structure of the cervical and lumbar spine as well as the ligaments. This, in turn, could lead to changes in the form and biomechanics of the rib cage (under which the lung contracts and expands), leading to problems with breathing. Due to this, bad posture is linked to respiratory issues.
5. Strains Vision
Besides affecting your vision, prolonged smartphone use can cause irritation, dryness, and redness in your eyes.
Opticians say people are so addicted to smartphones they may be increasing their risk of eye damage. They are warning overuse from phones and other devices like computers, tablets, and flat-screen TVs can lead to long-term damage. … “So over a long period of time, it can potentially damage your eyes.
6. Might Increase the Risk Of Cancer
Cancer is one of the biggest concerns that people have when talking or reading about excessive cell phone use and their cause for concern could be valid. Cell phones emit radio waves which can be absorbed by the tissues that are close to the area of contact. This form of radiation is possibly carcinogenic, although further studies have to be conducted to understand the full extent of its effects. It is also possible that children are at more risk than adults to be affected by the radiation as their nervous systems might be still developing. The American Cancer Society (ACS) recommends individuals who are concerned about radio frequency exposure to “limit their exposure, including using an earpiece and limiting cell phone use, particularly among children.